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Diabetes Education Department

The Diabetes Education Department at Fairview Range offers self-care management education to people of all ages who have diabetes and their families. The purpose of the Diabetes Education Department is to:

  • Increase awareness about diabetes
  • Promote the importance of diabetes education and self-care management
  • Coordinate collaborative efforts between health care providers, the community and people affected by diabetes.

There's a lot to know about diabetes. By taking a team approach the Diabetes Education Department at Fairview Range helps people with diabetes live fulfilling and active lifestyles.

Definition

Diabetes is an error in metabolism that makes it difficult for the body to produce and use insulin. This results in abnormally high levels of blood sugar. Type 1 diabetes - the body's failure to produce enough insulin - usually surfaces during youth. Type 2 - the body's failure to produce enough insulin or insulin is not used correctly - usually begins after age 40. The severe symptoms of type 1 diabetes make it easy to identify, but the vague symptoms of type 2 diabetes often make diagnosing diabetes more difficult. A third type of diabetes, gestational diabetes, occurs in 1-4% of all pregnant women at about 20-24 weeks of gestation and usually disappears after the baby is born

Symptoms

The actual cause of type 1 diabetes is unknown, but it can be triggered by genetics or environmental factors. Insulin injections are necessary because the body produces no insulin. 


More than 9 out of 10 cases of diabetes are type 2. Its main causes are heredity, obesity, inactive lifestyle and advancing age. Obesity in particular decreases the body's ability to use insulin effectively. A healthy diet, regular exercise, self-management education and monitoring can often control type 2 diabetes. Also, women who develop gestational diabetes are at an increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes later in life.


A person my have type 2 diabetes for an average of 8 to 10 years before it is diagnosed. Common symptoms include: 

■ Excessive thirst 

■ Frequent urination 

■ Increased hunger 

■ Unexplained weight loss 

■ Fatigue 

■ Blurred vision 

■ Frequent infections 

■ Dry, itchy skin

■ Sexual dysfunction 

■ Numbness in hands or feet 

■ Cuts or sores that are slow to heal

Complications

The high glucose levels in the bloodstream accelerate the complications often associated with diabetes. These include:  

■ Heart disease 

■ Stroke 

■ Blindness 

■ Amputation 

■ Kidney disease

Treatment

The goal of treating all types of diabetes is to keep blood glucose levels as near normal as possible. Training and education in diabetes self-care management are necessary to help people attain this goal.

Contact Us

The Diabetes Education Department helps people with diabetes develop treatment plans they can live with. 


Based on individual lifestyle, needs and challenges, people with diabetes can learn to balance exercise, meals and medications with self-monitoring to manage their diabetes successfully. Our team of nurses, dietitians and pharmacists are here to help. 


The Diabetes Education Department, located at Fairview Mesaba Clinics- Hibbing, provides services to people of all ages who are affected by diabetes. Services are available for inpatients and outpatients. Home care visits also are available through Fairview Range Home Medical Equipment for qualifying individuals. Physician referrals are encouraged but are not necessary. 


For more information about the Diabetes Education Department, call 218-362-6827 or 888-870-8626, Ext. 6827.

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